World Bicycle Day is celebrated on June 3 in support of idea: that bicycles “contribute to cleaner air, less congestion, such as education, health care, and other social services that are more accessible to the most vulnerable population.”
Bicycle: plays a big role in physical activity. This was especially evident during the epidemic, as was the purchase of bicycles revealed. Against the background of the blocking measures, the bicycle remained a possible alternative to public transport, while offering the benefit. Outdoor և Physical activity at a social distance. But even before the epidemic beganPeople became more interested in bicycles.
Cycling can be more than just the answer to our physical activity դժվար epidemic challenges. It can offer public officials a way to address convergent crises in public health, transport and climate. At the same time, increasing the use of bicycles can create new economic opportunitieshow to offer low-cost bicycles for sustainable transport and mechanical training to create jobs in local communities.
And as gas prices continue to rise due to the ongoing invasion of Ukraine, Governments urge citizens to consider bicycles. It is obvious that the ability of the bicycle to respond to urgent social problems has inspired “intrigue” and optimism, especially in the context of COVID-19.
Bicycles for development
We are a team of researchers interested in the environmental, social, health, social, and environmental dimensions of the work described here, focusing on the perceived role of development in the emerging cycling boom.
So far, our research has tried to map bicycles for development the movement that the bicycle considers a powerful technology that is significant Implications for social change և development goals.
Our research shows that this movement is mainly due to the work of non-governmental organizations that supply bicycles to communities around the world.
These initiatives can be completely local, or they often cross international borders. Used bicycle companies sometimes send used bicycles elsewhere. Bicycles delivered to communities often come from donations, microfinance initiatives, or social entrepreneurship, such as rural women-run enterprises in Uganda.
Over the past six years, our research in Canada, Nicaragua, and Uganda has highlighted the main ways in which bicycles for development initiatives seem to have a positive impact. For example, the availability of bicycles can stimulate mobility, which can lead to a variety of opportunities (for example, educational opportunities և local markets to sell goods), can promote a sense of social inclusion or economic development.
Creating a temporary solution
In Canada, we surveyed the communities of Toronto and Vancouver. Our research in Toronto showed how bicycles are picked up Mutual aid organizations respond to rising food insecurity during the epidemic. Focusing on the experiences of 2SLGBTQ + և racialized cyclists, we highlighted the ways in which different cyclists challenge racial’s gender oppression systems by using the bicycle to break down stereotypes about who can ride.
However, while cycling has a positive potential, our research has also shown that providing bicycles to women and girls is, in a sense, full of tensions and challenges. For example, in our most recent study in Uganda, some women explained that before getting a bicycle, they were primarily responsible for other household chores, such as cooking.
After receiving the bicycle, they now also have to engage in economic activities, which means more labor-focused expectations for women in rural areas. This often leads to widening inequalities between men and women.
There: was also worrying on the quality of donated bicycles. For example, some of the donated bicycles required special inaccessible spare parts, which meant that they were of little use. But programs like: World Bicycle Relief Buffalo Bicycle aimed at solving this problem.
The fact that bicycle assistance can have undesirable, sometimes negative, consequences coincides with many research for the development of sports; և in development studies, more broadly.
We refer to these unintended negative consequences of development-based interventions as “ironic activity»:
While our research revealed the positive potential of bicycle availability, our findings also led us in other directions. Bicycles can empower people: communities, but they can also reflect or exacerbate existing problems and inequalities. Bicycle-based development programs can have both “intended” and “unintended” consequences.
While optimism about World Bicycle Day is welcome, it is important to remember that, to their full potential, bicycles alone can not solve our modern-day crises.
Janet Otten, Patrick Eulle և Lidiet del Socorro Cruz Senteno co-authored this article. Janet has experience managing refugee, women’s rights and clinical research development programs in Uganda. Patrick is a social scientist working with Ugandan Development Research Organizations. Lydiet is the director of the Association of Nicovegua Movimiento de Jovenes de Ometepe.
Authors: Lyndsay MC Hayhurst – Assistant, School of Kinesiology ողջ School of Health, York University, Canada | Brad Millington – Associate Professor of Sports Management, Brock University | Brian Wilson – Professor, School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia | Janet Steinmann – Postgraduate student, Kinesiology, British Columbia University | Jessica Nachman – MSc, School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Canada | Mitchell McSweeney – Postgraduate Student in Kinesiology, University of British Columbia
Will the bicycle help us solve urgent social problems?
SourceWill the bicycle help us solve urgent social problems?