St. Andrew’s Day, the National Foundation Day of Scotland, is just around the corner.
This annual opportunity is a day to celebrate the patron saint, the Apostle Andrew.
Every November 30th, Scotland commemorates the Pitron Saints, located in the heart of Scotland’s history and culture.
St Andrews has a strong presence in Scotland, and his name can be seen on the flag while his name is celebrated by the University of St Andrews, Scotland’s top university.
Here’s a breakdown of who St Andrew is and why saints are celebrated throughout Scotland each year.
Who is Andrew?
St. Andrew is believed to have been born in Galilee, Israel, between the 5th and 10th years of the Roman Empire, the brother of St. Peter, and the son of Jonah.
Andrew and his younger brother Peter were both fishermen in business and became “human fishermen” when Jesus asked them to be two of their twelve disciples.
These stories record Jesus walking along the shores of the Sea of Galilee, observing Simon and Andrew’s fishing and calling for disciples.
Andrew was a prominent feature in the story shared in the New Testament and became the most important apostle to embark on the ministry following Jesus.
Andrews was later crucified on Patrice’s X-shaped diagonal Latin cross, also known as the Saltire Cross.
He was crucified with the X cross at his own request as he was not suitable to be crucified with a straight cross like Jesus.
His death is recorded as November 30, 60 AD.
How is St Andrew celebrated in Scotland?
St Andrews is celebrated every November 30th – on the same day he was crucified in 60 C.E.
In 2006, the Scottish Parliament passed the 2007 St. Andrew’s Day Bank Holidays (Scots) Act, which designated the day as an official bank holiday.
It’s a bank holiday, but the bank doesn’t have to be closed and the employer doesn’t have to give employees a holiday as a holiday.
The University of St Andrews has traditionally given all students that day as a free holiday, but this is not a binding rule.
Why is he celebrated in Scotland?
There is no definitive answer to this, but there are many theories as to why the apostles are so widely celebrated in Scotland.
First, according to the legend of St Andrew’s voyage, St Andrews describes the dangerous flight of St Andrew (Bishop of Patras, Greece) to the east coast of Scotland.
King Angus, a Pictish of Scotland, built a monastery in St Andrews in honor of the saints who later helped him in the battle for victory over the Saxons.
Some have been led to believe that King Angus received a telepathic message from St Andrews who declared that he could help defeat the Saxons in his dreams.
Others were made to believe that King Angus prayed to St. Andrew and promised him to help him fight the Saxons.
St Andrew’s Saltia Cross has since taken root in Scotland’s national symbol, but he was properly established in 1320 by the Arbroath Declaration as the patron saint of Scotland.
Robert the Bruce and the Baron of Scotland went to Pope John XXI to appeal for Scotland’s recognition of its own independence and the relaxation of British rule over Scotland. It was then that Andrew became a Scottish patron.
When is St. Andrew’s Day 2021?Date, who was the saint, and why Scotland is taking a bank vacation
Source When is St. Andrew’s Day 2021?Date, who was the saint, and why Scotland is taking a bank vacation