Health

UK response to Covid: Issues that can be investigated in a public inquiry | UK News

The statutory public inquiry into the UK’s response to Covid-19 may be the most extensive inquiry ever conducted. Many believe that the problem justifies it. One year after the virus settled in the United Kingdom, the United Kingdom had the highest mortality rate in Europe and the highest per capita mortality rate in the world except the Czech Republic.

The economy is in turmoil, social rifts are widening, and the country is wary of further shocks. Proponents say it may be enough money to spend tens of millions of pounds investigating the coronavirus to successfully respond to a crisis that already costs hundreds of billions of dollars. say. The slander warns that it can be a hostile blame game. But what does it look for?

are you ready?



Construction work will take place in March 2020 in preparation for installing a hospital bed at Llanelli’s rugby stadium. Photo: Ben Evans / Huw Evans / Rex / Shutterstock

In 2016, the government competed in a war on how Britain would respond to a fictitious “swan flu” epidemic. Exercise Cygnus concluded that Britain was not ready and predicted a crisis in the care facility. In a series of visionary recommendations, authorities called for “increasing distribution points for personal protective equipment and engaging in important communication with the public,” and additional capabilities and staff in the care system. ..

How these calls were processed is an important factor in any query. Second, as Jeremy Hunt, chairman of the Commons Health and Social Care Selection Committee, told Congress, the UK “focused on pandemic influenza rather than pandemic coronaviruses such as SARS. That’s why I was suffering from a “big blind spot”. Or Mers “.

“Compatibility” of local and national emergency response systems and capacity of public health resources – Cut to 1/5 Substantially over the last five years, it could also be investigated.

Blockade

Pall Mall on the 8th day of the first British blockade in 2020



Pall Mall on the 8th day of the first British blockade in 2020. Photo: David Levene /

The blockade was our best defense until the vaccine arrived, and its timing had powerful consequences. One of the problems that has plagued Downing Street from the beginning is whether the initial blockade was too late. The Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (Sage) estimated that the first blockade on March 23, 2020 reduced transmissions by 75%. Professor John Edmonds, a member of Sage, said last summer that the blockade of Britain was too late, “at the expense of many lives.” Before the latest plans to lift the blockade were announced, Imperial University epidemiologist Neil Ferguson was called the blockade professor. warning Even the slightest slack can cause at least 32,000 deaths. Boris Johnson regrets, it didn’t lock down before, reported by The Daily Telegraph this week. There was a suggestion from an unnamed “allied ally” that he was making decisions based on outdated predictions. They said he would act “more violently, faster and faster” if he had time again.

In September, the infection doubles every week, Called sage Due to the immediate blockade of the “circuit breaker”, however, the minister limited the social gathering to six and asked the pub to close at 10 pm. A National blockade It finally came into effect on November 5th.Similar procrastination Christmas gathering continue. The study reveals how the government evaluated competing priorities such as employment and economy, Tory backbench pressure, and recommends how such decisions would be made in a future crisis. There is likely to be.

Care home

Bridgedale House Dementia Care Home in Fulwood, Sheffield, England. Here, staff are trapped in residents to protect them from the pandemic epidemic of the Covid-19 coronavirus.



At the Bridgedale House Dementia Care Home in Fulwood, Sheffield, staff were trapped with residents to protect them from the Covid epidemic.Photo: Christopher Thomond / Guardian

In the UK, about 40,000 long-term care facility residents have died from Covid. This is about one-third of all deaths. Health Minister Matt Hancock said in May last year that the government said Protective ring However, thousands of people were discharged from the hospital to the care facility, and care workers were advised that they did not need to use PPE, and the NHS was prioritized, leaving the care facility unable to access the tests for months. The study relies heavily on agency workers moving to different homes, a practice in which these decisions, widespread funding of pandemic social care, and the government’s own research have shown the spread of the infection. You may look into the staffing system.

Black and ethnic minority communities

South London street art by Deanio_X at a boarded pub on behalf of BAME NHS staff.



South London street art by Deanio_X at a boarded pub on behalf of BAME NHS staff.Photo: Jill Mead / Guardian

Prior to Covid, the overall white mortality rate was higher than that of blacks and ethnic minorities in the United Kingdom, but the virus reversed that. A significant increase in deaths was recorded among caregivers, nursing assistants, minicab drivers and security guards. These roles were disproportionately undertaken by a large number of ethnic minorities.The· The first 10 doctors named dead All April last year was BAME, by May statistics The per capita mortality rate of people from Bangladesh was twice that of white people from the United Kingdom, 2.9 times that of people from Pakistan, and 3.7 times that of blacks in Africa. So was it done enough after this to strengthen the protection of these groups?A review of labor issues led by Doreen Lawrence Conclusion: “This virus has exposed the devastating effects of structural racism.”

PPE

The box with the face mask will be unloaded from the plane at Bournemouth on May 23, 2020.



The box containing the face mask will be unloaded from the plane at Bournemouth on May 23, 2020. Photo: Finnbarr Webster / Getty Images

The government has spent £ 18 billion on PPE contracts as it has rushed billions of masks, gloves and aprons to the forefront.The Board of Audit Leading criticism An example of contracting practices, including the creation of “high priority” channels for suppliers with political ties that are 10 times more likely to succeed in bidding.

However, in the early stages of the pandemic, resources could be scarce in both the NHS and social care.By the end of last year, 757 care, nursing staff and medical professionals Died in Covid.. Coroners say the cause of death inquiry is not a place to consider the role of government policy on PPE, but public investigations are possible.Last month’s Commons Public Accounting Committee Conclusion The government’s decision to prioritize hospitals meant that social care providers were not accepted anywhere close enough to meet their needs and left them exposed.

NHS test and trace

Coronavirus swab test conducted at Sodexo's Covid-19 test center as part of Bolton's NHS testing and tracing services



Coronavirus swab test conducted at Bolton’s Covid-19 test center.Photo: Christopher Thomond / Guardian

On March 19, 2020, Boris Johnson said: Tides can change in 12 weeks And I identified it as an important test to defeat the virus. However, when the community’s infection became established, the government decided to end testing and tracking and moved to blockade. Some local public health directors who have experience in suppressing outbreaks such as Salmonella believe that they may have had limited spread if they were given resources. They will later complain that the highly centralized NHS test and trace system launched on May 28 has frozen them. It did not immediately share the names and addresses of infected people in their area, blocking attempts to overcome local outbreaks.

NHS testing and tracing is to prevent a second blockade, starting with a budget of £ 22 billion and growing to £ 37 billion over two years. It increased daily testing capabilities from 100,000 to 800,000 and advised 4.5 million people to self-quarantine. But last week, Meg Hiller, chairman of the Commons Public Accounting Committee, said Conclusion There was no “measurable difference in the progression of the pandemic”. One of the important criticisms is that PCR results are not returned at an early stage, that there are a large number of inaccurate immunoflow tests being deployed, and that there is no financial support for those who are required to self-isolate. It is one. Meanwhile, an army of 2,500 consultants was paid an average of £ 1,100 per day.

Scientific advice

Chris Whitty, UK Chief Medical Officer, and Patrick Valence, UK Government's Chief Scientific Adviser, have arrived to attend a press conference with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson in response to the ongoing situation. did.



UK Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty and UK Government Chief Scientific Adviser Patrick Vallance arrive to attend a press conference with Boris Johnson.Photo: Toby Melville / Reuters

The quality of scientific advice and its treatment by the Minister may be one of the most important factors in determining the outcome of a pandemic. I can imagine three conclusions. The advice was good, but the government didn’t follow it. The advice was bad and the government followed it. The advice was bad, but the government did something unique anyway. It wasn’t better than that.

The connection between Sage and the minister is key. By March 10, the minutes warned that sage was in the process of infecting the community, potentially killing 500,000 people and requiring “special care” in long-term care facilities. I have already shown that. On March 13, he said that household quarantine should take place “immediately.” It was 10 days before the Prime Minister ordered the blockade. However, this can be one of the most complex parts of a query.

“Many scientific analyzes, such as comparative analysis of different policy applications between nations, will take years to fully surface,” said Sir Ian Boyd, a professor of biology at the University of St Andrews sitting in Sage. Said. “Therefore, the evidence base for short-term studies is limited. Epidemiologists and public health researchers will analyze the data over the years to come.”

Border with the UK

There is a warning sign on the wall of Heathrow Airport regarding the new rules. February 15, 2021, is the day when new quarantine restrictions came into force for international travel from the National Red List.



Warning sign regarding new rules on the walls of Heathrow Airport in February 2021. Photo: Guy Bell / Rex / Shutterstock

The policy of requiring quarantine from income earners from high-risk countries ended on March 13, 2020. From then until June 8th, there were no border measures in Britain. Thousands of new infectious diseases occurred in the 10 days prior to the blockade on March 23, according to members of the Home Affairs Select Committee. Last June, Genome sequencing Spain, France, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands have been shown to be the main sources of the incident. Open border was a “serious mistake,” MP said. In contrast, New Zealand, which recorded 26 deaths compared to 125,000 in the UK, closed its border with China on February 3, and six weeks later quarantined all arriving for 14 days. created.

The UK only proved that new variants emerged in South Africa and Brazil in mid-January 2021 and all international arrivals in the UK were forced to quarantine and had a negative Covid test. Introduced the strictest border restrictions.

UK response to Covid: Issues that can be investigated in a public inquiry | UK News

Source link UK response to Covid: Issues that can be investigated in a public inquiry | UK News

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