Washington [US], January 15 (ANI): A team of researchers at the University College London recently discovered that the success of a child’s education depends on the genes of both inherited and non-inherited parents. ..
This study was published in “The American Journal of Human Genetics”.
This study, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, found that genes directly inherited by humans are most likely to contribute to educational outcomes. However, parental genes, which are not directly inherited but still form the parent’s own level of education and subsequently influence the lifestyle and family environment provided to the child, are also important for those in school and beyond. It may affect your grades.
Children resemble their parents because of nature (the genes they inherit) and their upbringing (the environment in which they grow). However, the effects of nurturing are intertwined with nature.
Each mother and father inherits half of the gene to the child and the other half of the gene is not, but continues to affect the traits of the parent and ultimately the traits of the child. .. For example, parents with a high genetic predisposition to learning may have a great interest in activities such as reading, which promotes learning for their offspring.
This concept-when the genes of the parents influence the outcome of their offspring by shaping the environment they provide-is called genetic upbringing. It indirectly explains how parental genes characterize their children.
In the current paper, researchers reviewed and analyzed 12 studies in several countries and used a method called polygene scoring to influence the effects of millions of genetic variations on the academic background of nearly 40,000 parent-child pairs. I studied.
Researchers have found that genetic upbringing affects the success of education by about half of genetic inheritance.
The genetic upbringing effect captured by the polygene score in the study explained at least 1.28% of the variance of educational outcomes, while the direct genetic effect explained at least 2.89% of the variance of educational outcomes.
Researchers say the findings are underestimated given that polygene scores capture only a small part of the heritability of educational outcomes. The actual genetic impact can be several times higher, but the direct genetic impact is probably about twice the genetic upbringing effect.
Dr. Jean-Baptiste Pingault (UCL PsychologyLanguage Sciences), Principal Investigator, said: We have discovered that fathers and mothers have similar genetic upbringing effects. This suggests that parents are equally important in creating and nurturing a child’s learning environment. “This study shows how complex the relationship between genes and the environment is. For methods, it provides strong evidence that the environment is really important when talking about education, not just genetics.” “Masu,” added Pingault.
“Two aspects are complementary here. First, because some are dependent on the genetic lottery, parents are not completely in control and not all are dependent on their behavior.” Parental behavior and choices seem to be important. The findings show that socio-economic status and parental education are probably important, “Pingault continued.
“How educational background (years of education, highest degree obtained) and achievement (scores and grades achieved) are passed on to the family, and how this knowledge breaks the cycle of cross-generational disadvantages. It’s very important to understand if it helps, “Pingault explained. ..
Dr. Biyao Wang (UCL PsychologyLanguage Sciences), the lead author of the paper, said: Next, we want to figure out which pathway genetic upbring follows and which aspects of the environment are most important when they change at different stages of development. This is the key to the design. New interventions to encourage and support the success of all children. This study was conducted by researchers at UCL, King’s College London, University of Leicester, University of Bristol, and University of Oslo, with the support of the Nafield Foundation, Welcome, Economics, and Society. Research Council, and Medical Research Council. (ANI)
Parental genes influence the success of a child’s education: research
SourceParental genes influence the success of a child’s education: research