Bottles on the wall: higher fat levels seem to ‘amplify’ the harmful effects of alcohol
Direct drinking limits should be set lower for obese people than alcohol brings them greater damage, experts say.
Overweight drinkers who follow the UK recommendations of no more than 14 units per week are three times more likely to develop some cancers than those who are severe.
A University of Sydney study examined data on 400,000 UK adults aged between 40 and 69 and looked at how many developed alcohol-related cancers in a 12-year period.
They found that higher fat levels ‘amplify’ the harmful effects of alcohol. Compared to ‘never drinkers’ with the lowest body fat, those with the most fat who drank within alcohol limits were 53 percent more likely to develop cancers, including oral, throat, larynx, liver, intestine, stomach and breast.
But those with the least body fat who drank within limits were only 19 percent more at risk.
People with the most fat who drank above the limits were 61 percent more likely to get cancer.
Overweight drinkers who follow UK recommendations are three times more likely to develop some cancers than those who are severe
Dr Elif Inan-Eroglu, who is leading both studies at the University of Sydney, said: ‘Guidelines for alcoholic beverages should take into account the obesity levels of people.
“People with obesity, especially those with excess body fat, need to be aware of the risks surrounding alcohol use.”
The UK’s chief medical officers advise men and women to drink no more than 14 units a week on a regular basis, spread over three or more days.
How much alcohol is too much?
To keep the health risks of alcohol at a low level, the NHS advises men and women not to regularly drink more than 14 units a week.
One unit of alcohol is 8g or 10ml of pure alcohol, which is about:
- half pint lager / beer / cider with lower to normal strength (ABV 3.6%)
- in single small shot size (25ml) spirits (25ml, ABV 40%)
A small glass (125ml, ABV 12%) wine contains about 1.5 units of alcohol.
But the NHS warns the risk to your health is increased by drinking any amount of alcohol on a regular basis.
Short-term risks include injury, violent behavior and alcohol poisoning.
Long-term risks include heart and liver disease, strokes such as liver, bowel, moth and breast cancer.
People who drink as many as 14 units a week are advised to spread it evenly over three or more days, instead of binge drinking.
Women who are pregnant or trying to conceive are advised not to drink to reduce risks to the baby.
But Dr Inan-Eroglu warned that these guidelines were too general, adding: ‘If you have normal weight or if you are obese, it does not differ – but it should.’
Higher drinking fees for people with a healthy weight can even act as ‘motivation’, she suggested because ‘if I eat less, I can drink more’.
Dr Inan-Eroglu added: ‘People with obesity and obesity should consume alcohol carefully.
‘From a cancer prevention point of view, the safest level of alcohol use is total avoidance.’
The researchers adjusted their results to take into account other factors that may influence their findings, including age, sex, diet, education level, physical activity, smoking status, sleep duration, socioeconomic status, and existing type 2 cardiovascular disease. diabetes.
Tam Fry, chairman of the National Obesity Forum, said: ‘This research will be bad news if you are fat in the morning and have a hangover – but it should teach you a lesson.
‘Because, by mistake, manufacturers are not required to put calorie counts on the bottle of your favorite beverage, many people are unaware of the amount of calories they are consuming and leading to cancer.
‘Simply put, avoid drinking like the plague. You are much healthier for it. ‘ Professor Sir Ian Gilmore, President of the Alcohol Health Alliance UK, said: ‘Alcohol is responsible for 46 new cases of cancer in the UK every day.
‘This latest study is yet another reminder of the harm that alcohol can do to our health, and in particular underscores the combined cancer risk of obesity and high-calorie alcohol.
‘It also highlights the urgent need for the government to ensure that policies that reduce alcohol use are part of the broader Obesity Strategy.
“We owe it to the health of our nation to introduce a minimum unit price for alcohol and extensive restrictions on alcohol marketing and availability.”
Dr Alison Giles, chief executive of the Institute of Alcohol Studies, said: ‘The health community has known for years that alcohol causes cancer and that your risk increases even within the UK’s 14-unit guidelines.
‘We also know that this risk increases with a higher body fat, so it is good to look into research into combined risk factors.
‘What’s crucial is that people who drink alcohol understand these risks, and better product labeling and public health campaigns can raise awareness of this.
‘Health care professionals can also help people understand, by discussing alcohol use as a cancer risk factor with people living with obesity.
‘The alcohol industry will undoubtedly say that this is’ scaremongering ‘, if it is just a case of people having the right to know the health risks of alcohol in order to make informed decisions about what they consume.’
Matt Lambert, chief executive of the Portman Group’s alcohol retailer, said: ‘We believe in having clear information on the package that helps consumers instead of alienating them.
‘It is likely that having a variety of guidance for people would be confusing, counterproductive and also potentially patronizing.
‘We support the inclusion of CMO guidance on labeling that works on the vast majority of alcohol products in the UK. Also, almost half of the products show calories on labels that are rather useful for someone looking at their diet. ‘
Obese adults should drink less alcohol than the guidelines indicate due to increased risk, experts warn
Source link Obese adults should drink less alcohol than the guidelines indicate due to increased risk, experts warn