United Kingdom

Northern Ireland Happiness, 2020/21

The Deputy Prime Minister today released Northern Ireland figures for 2020/21 across four welfare areas.

  • Loneliness measures how often people report feeling lonely.
  • Self-efficacy A person’s belief in the ability to influence events that affect one’s life
  • Personal well-being measures how satisfied people are with their lives, their level of well-being and anxiety, and whether they find it worthwhile.
  • Control trajectory (LoC) To the extent that people feel that they are in control of their lives.Individual with an inside LoC While believing in your influence and control, outsiders LoC I believe that the control of their lives is determined by external factors

For the following important findings, the measure of self-efficacy and locus of control ranges from 5 to 25. Individual well-being scales range from 0 to 10. The higher the score, the better the happiness in terms of self-efficacy, life satisfaction, value and happiness. The lower the score, the higher the happiness of the anxiety indicator, while the locus of control is an indicator.

Main survey results

  • In Northern Ireland (NI), self-efficacy and locus of control have increased since 2014/15. The average self-efficacy score of NI people increased significantly from 19.2 on 2014/15 to 19.8 on 2020/21. At 17.4, people reported a significantly higher (more internal) locus of control than in all previous years.
  • Measures for life satisfaction, happiness, anxiety, and loneliness have shown a significant decline in happiness over the past year. Life satisfaction (7.6) and happiness (7.5) scores were significantly lower on 2020/21 compared to 2019/20 (7.8 and 7.6, respectively). At the same time, the level of anxiety increased significantly (3.0 to 3.2), with a fairly high percentage of respondents reporting feeling lonely “at least occasionally” (19.8% compared to 17.4%).
  • Women reported significantly lower and significantly higher levels of self-efficacy (19.4), life satisfaction (7.6), and locus of control (17.2) compared to men (20.2, 7.7, and 17.6, respectively). Reported a significantly worse level of well-being over a series of measurements. Anxiety (3.5) compared to men (2.8). Women were also significantly more likely to feel lonely (22.8% compared to 16.2% for men).
  • More than a quarter (26.8%) reported feeling lonely “at least sometimes”. This was significantly higher than 25-34 years (17.3%), 35-44 years (17.7%), 45-54 years (18.3%), and 65-74 years (14.3%).
  • Married / civil partnership people have a higher level of life satisfaction (7.9), value (8.2), and happiness than singles (7.4, 7.6, 7.3, respectively) or divorces (6.9, 7.5, 7.0, respectively). Reported (7.8).
  • Paid people reported significantly better well-being on all indicators. They have significantly higher self-efficacy (20.3), life satisfaction (7.8), value (8.1), and happiness (7.6) than those who are not paid (19.1, 7.4, 7.8, 7.4, 16.9, respectively). ), The location of control (17.7) was reported. ). They also reported significantly lower levels of anxiety (3.0 compared to 3.3) and loneliness (14.5% compared to 27.9%).
  • People living in urban areas had lower levels of personal well-being than in rural areas. People living in urban areas were those living in rural areas (7.8, 8.1, and 7.7 respectively), and significantly higher levels of anxiety (3.3 compared to 2.9). However, they also reported a significantly higher level of self-efficacy (19.9) than those living in rural areas (19.6).


The report is available on the Executive Office website at:www.executiveoffice-ni.gov.uk/publications/wellbeing-NI-202021

Notes to editors:

  1. More information on collecting and creating statistics can be obtained by contacting:

    PfG analysis
    Castle building
    Staumont Estate
    BT4 3SR

    Phone number: 0289052 2402
    Email: pfganalytics@executiveoffice-ni.gov.uk

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Northern Ireland Happiness, 2020/21

SourceNorthern Ireland Happiness, 2020/21

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