In vitro fertilization, known as IVF, is a medical procedure in which a woman places an already fertilized egg in her womb to conceive.
It is used when couples cannot conceive naturally and the sperm and egg are removed from their bodies and combined in a laboratory before the embryo is placed in the woman.
Once the embryo is in the womb, the pregnancy should continue as usual.
The procedure can be performed with the help of eggs and sperm from a couple or those from donors.
Guidelines from the National Institute of Excellence in Health and Care (NICE) recommend that IVF be offered in the NHS to women under the age of 43 who are trying to conceive through regular unprotected sex for two years.
People can also pay for IVF privately, which costs an average of £ 3,348 per cycle, according to data released in January 2018, and there is no guarantee of success.
The NHS says that the success rate for women under the age of 35 is about 29 percent, with the chance of a successful cycle decreasing with age.
It is estimated that about eight million babies have been born through in vitro fertilization since the first case, Britain’s Louise Brown, was born in 1978.
Chances of success
The success of IVF depends on the age of the woman undergoing treatment, as well as the cause of infertility (if known).
Younger women are more likely to have a successful pregnancy.
IVF is not usually recommended for women over the age of 42, as the chances of a successful pregnancy are considered too low.
Between 2014 and 2016, the percentage of IVF treatments that resulted in live births was:
29 percent for women under 35
23 percent for women aged 35 to 37
15 percent for women aged 38 to 39
9 percent for women aged 40 to 42
3 percent for women aged 43 to 44
2 percent for women over 44 years
Nicola Adams, 39, and her pregnant girlfriend, Ella Beig, 24, say they have a baby boy
Source link Nicola Adams, 39, and her pregnant girlfriend, Ella Beig, 24, say they have a baby boy