Health

Monkeypox UK: What we know about the rare virus as more cases have been confirmed in England

Two more people in England Was diagnosed With a rare viral infection Monkey flowerThere are a total of nine this month.

New cases will follow four Reported on May 16thtwo On May 14th And another isolated case Discovered May 7th.

The case was now too Reported in MassachusettsA man who recently traveled to Canada fell ill, and cases were reported this month in Spain and Portugal.

The UK Health Insurance Agency (UKHSA) said it was currently investigating links between British patients, most of whom are thought to have contracted the disease in London, although the virus is mainly spread by wild animals in parts of West Africa and not all. Traveled from the sick recently.

As a usually mild, self-limiting disease that is not easily spread, the risk to the general population is low, the UKHSA said.

But authorities are advising the public – especially gay and bisexual men – given that all four patients on Wednesday were gay. Possibility of sexual transmission – Beware of any unusual rashes or lesions on any part of the body, especially the genitals.

So what exactly is monkey pox and how much does it pose a threat to society?

Where did the monkey flower come from?

The World Health Organization (WHO) traced the disease to tropical rainforests in Central and West Africa and defined it as a viral zoonosis (meaning it can be transmitted from animals to humans) a chickenpox-like disease that was eradicated in the 1980s.

The first recorded case of a monkey flower was reported in the present region Democratic Republic of the Congo In 1970.

Although it is initially transmitted to humans through contact with the blood or body fluids of infected primates (or rodents such as wood squirrels and rats), it is an infectious disease, so it is more likely to catch it from other humans.

What are the symptoms?

The disease has an incubation period of 6 to 16 days. At the opening stage, patients primarily experience fever, headache, edema, back pain, muscle aches, and general weakness.

As soon as the fever disappears, the victim’s body is exposed to a skin eruption, during which the rash spreads to the face, followed by the rest of the body, most often the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.

The spots develop from blisters to crusty blisters, which can take up to three weeks to heal and disappear.

Diagnosis of the virus can be difficult without laboratory analysis because of its superficial resemblance to other diseases that cause rashes such as chickenpox, measles, scabies, and syphilis.

How dangerous is it?

Dr. Colin Brown, UKHSA Director of Clinical and Developmental Infections, said the monkey flower “does not spread easily among humans and the overall risk to the general public is very low.”

Although this chain of orthopoxivirus is much lighter than that of chickenpox, fatalities have been reported, especially in young people. WHO lists a case mortality rate of less than 10 percent.

Nine cases of monkey blight have been reported in the UK this month

(Getty)

In NigeriaThe 2017 epidemic, which you have ever seen, revealed 172 suspected cases of monkeys and 61 confirmed cases across the country. Seventy-five percent of the patients were male and between the ages of 21 and 40 years.

There is currently no vaccine or specific treatment, but pre-existing chickenpox is 85 percent effective in fighting the disease.

Jimmy Whitworth, a professor at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, emphasized that monkey pox was “usually mild…. .

How many cases have been reported in the UK?

The UK is one of the few countries outside Africa where a monkey flower has been found.

The first four infections Reported In the UK in 2018 and 2019. The second outbreak was in 2021, when three family members were diagnosed with the virus after traveling to Nigeria.

The number of cases reported in May raised the current UK total from seven to 16.

Monkeypox UK: What we know about the rare virus as more cases have been confirmed in England

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