Emmanuel Macron’s government has said it will push ahead with its 2023 budget by resorting to a rarely used constitutional ploy that nullifies the need for parliamentary votes.
Government spokesperson Olivier Veran said on Tuesday that Article 49.3 of the constitution would be activated “probably tomorrow” depending on “how today’s debate unfolds”, respecting budget deadlines. However, he added that there was not enough time to consider the remaining 2,000 amendments.
The clause allows the government to pass legislation by decree, effectively ignoring lawmakers, but also allows the opposition to respond with a no-confidence motion.
“This shows that a second term for President Macron will be very difficult and the number of reform proposals will be reduced,” said Noël Lenoir, a constitutional expert who has worked on France’s Supreme Administrative Court. Stated.
49.3 The use of operations to pass budgets lose Macron’s majority After the parliamentary elections in June. His centrist coalition holds his 251 seats in parliament, short of his 289 seats required to pass legislation, and the far-right National Assembly, led by Marine Le Pen, and the de facto leader It faces fierce opposition from the left-wing Knoops Coalition, a far-left politician Jean. -Luc Melenchon.
that is Les Republicans (LR) Although willing to negotiate with the government on certain topics, the Conservative Party, which holds 62 seats, is not expected to vote on the budget as it would put a rubber stamp on the government’s agenda.
Lenoir said it was not surprising that the government would use 49.3 because there was no alternative way to pass the budget.
“This exposes the political reality that Macron does not have a majority, and given the extremes being done in parliament, the only party to do the deal is the LR, and if they don’t want to negotiate. , the documents probably won’t get through,” she said. .
The move comes at a delicate time for Macron, with trade unions hold a series of strikes This is part of a call for higher wages to make up for rapid inflation, including strikes at refineries that are causing petrol shortages across the country. The strike disrupted transportation systems, including railroads, and approximately 6% of teachers were not working.
Le Pen’s national rally and Mélenchon’s French Indomitable Party have already said they would submit a no-confidence motion if the government uses 49.3 in the budget. But analysts say the government is unlikely to be overthrown, as neither party is likely to vote in favor of the other’s motion.
Le Pen criticized the government for effectively ignoring parliamentary debates about the budget. “It’s a real denial of the public will expressed in Congress,” she said.
Last time was 49.3 mecha was used by It was 2019 in France. Macron’s first prime minister, Edouard Philippe, was used to passing unpopular pension reforms that were later abandoned because of the Covid-19 pandemic.
the president again pledged Introduce legislation to raise the retirement age to 64 or 65, review the pension system for a second term, and include other changes to encourage people to work longer.
https://www.ft.com/content/cb8ea60b-bced-44ab-ada3-73f9191a020a Macron Regime Forces French Budget Through Parliament