Experts say the main difference between Trump’s infection — which landed him at Walter Reed Military Medical Center for three nights — and Biden’s is the vaccines.
Biden has received four doses so far, developing a high level of protection against hospitalization and death. When Trump contracted the virus, vaccines were not available.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention He found it in JanuaryAt the height of the Omicron wave, an unvaccinated person was 12 times more likely to be hospitalized than a boosted individual.
“However, it’s just a completely different scenario to talk about a Covid infection and someone who’s been vaccinated four times versus someone who hasn’t been vaccinated,” said Celine Gonder, a physician at Bellevue Hospital and an epidemiologist at NYU Grossman School of Medicine. May interview. “And I think the message is still not getting through to people — that vaccines are really very effective at preventing hospitalizations and deaths.”
Without access to the vaccine, Trump faced a much higher risk of infection.
“[Trump] He would be quite sick — at his age, it was predicted that he would be quite sick,” said Eric Topol, MD, professor of molecular medicine and founder of the Scripps Institute for Translational Research. “And actually he was.”
Biden also has new treatment options to help fight the infection, including Pfizer’s antiviral pill, Paxlovid.
“We know that paxlovid is very effective in getting people out of the hospital,” Gonder said.
Pfizer’s antiviral Covid-19 pill reduces risk of hospitalization or death 89 percent in high-risk patients Those who had symptoms for three days or less, according to trial results the company released in December.
While antivirus relapses are possible – an issue that is still being researched – it remains a highly effective solution and another level of protection.
When Trump had Covid-19, he was treated with a monoclonal antibody made by Regeneron, as well as remdesivir, an antiviral.
Monoclonal antibody treatment is also an option for Biden if needed, experts say, but it doesn’t work as well — and there are fewer treatment options — than when Trump was infected.
“We are running out of monoclonal antibodies to help. There are too many immune escapes for this variant,” Topol said of the Omicron variant, including sub-variants such as BA.2 and BA.5.
New strains of the virus, which are now much more contagious than the original version, are another difference.
Trump contracted a less infectious but more virulent strain, according to public health experts.
The virus is still evolving, with several sub-variants emerging around the world.
“There is a small risk [Biden] has severe covid – a severe disease – and requires hospitalization, said Topol. “Fortunately, that risk is small, but it has increased as the virus has evolved to these much more complex variants.”
Although treatments may be less effective because of new strains of the virus, the dominant variants common today are not known to be much more deadly than earlier versions.
Another difference between Biden’s and Trump’s infections is their co-morbidities.
“The main risk factor for Trump was his obesity, and we know that was a significant risk for Covid,” Topol said. “Obviously, this is not Biden’s problem. I’m not aware of any other co-morbidities that Biden has beyond his age.
Although comprehensive medical records are not available, both administrations have released some details about Trump’s and Biden’s health. In 2020, before Trump was infected, the White House released his physical. Trump weighed 244 pounds and stood 6 feet, 3 inches. This meets the clinical definition of obesity and puts him at higher risk of hospitalization for Covid-19. According to the CDC. Biden is less than 6 feet tall and weighs 184 pounds, according to his physical.
Biden is 79 years old. Trump was 74 when he caught Covid. According to the CDC, the risk increases in the 50s and increases even more in the 60s, 70s, and 80s. People aged 85 and older are most affected.
Biden may still be susceptible to lingering covid. The post-viral condition, which sometimes includes severe fatigue, ongoing breathing problems or cognitive impairment, is not yet well understood.
Now, experts note, the broad list of symptoms has turned some off, even those who have been vaccinated. Although a minority of infected people experience long-term covid, According to early dataOver a million people in the UK reported Long-term symptoms of Covid-19.
How does Biden’s Covid-19 case compare to Trump’s?
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