World

From cerebral edema nipa to head-shrinking Zika fever … in WHO’s alert list for the next “Big One” pandemic

The World Health Organization (WHO) has a warning list of diseases that could pose the greatest threat to humankind, as scientists warn that they need to be prepared for the “Big One.”

The WHO chief has put together a list of nine pathogens (now including Covid-19) that scientists have labeled as “priority diseases” for developing human defense.

🦠 Read us Coronavirus live blog Latest news and updates

9

Experts say the world should “prepare” for the next virus

Experts at cross-border medical institutions describe the disease as “the greatest public health risk” due to either “potential epidemics” or lack of control against them.

Covid-19 is currently the number one public enemy in the world’s devastation, killing about 2.5 million people and infecting more than 112 million people so far.

However, the other eight diseases on the WHO R & D list are also fatal and can pose a major threat unless action is taken against them.

Horror infections can cause swelling of the brain, bleeding from the eyes, birth defects in the shrunken head, and even deafness.

Sun Online has previously revealed that scientists are afraid that the next pandemic could be worse than the plague-it Killed 75 million people -And humanity may face a health crisis every five years.

Dr. Melanisaville, Director of Vaccine Research and Development at CEPI, warned Sun Online. The world needs to prepare for the next “big thing”..

And the next big illness could be one of these eight illnesses WHO The priority alert list is “not exhaustive” and states that it will be updated on a regular basis.

Nipa

Nipa has been identified as a major threat by scientists due to its rapid mutation

9

Nipa has been identified as a major threat by scientists due to its rapid mutationCredit: Reuters

Scientists have identified Nipa as one of the greatest threats that could become a new pandemic if the virus mutates because it is already 75 times more deadly than Covid-19.

The fruit bat-borne virus Nipa causes severe cerebral edema, seizures and vomiting after it was first discovered in Malaysia in 1998.

Outbreaks show that the virus is extremely deadly and has a mortality rate of 40-75%.

These concerns are due to the long incubation period of up to 45 days, which can spread for more than a month before people get sick, and their ability to move between species.

Nipa also has a very high mutation rate, and there is concern that strains that are better adapted to human infections may spread rapidly to well-interconnected countries in Southeast Asia.

The WHO describes the virus as requiring “urgent action” because it sees outbreaks in India and Bangladesh as “highly lethal.”

Zika

Zika fever can cause birth defects such as contractions in the child's head

9

Zika fever can cause birth defects such as contractions in the child’s headCredit: Copyright 2016 The Associated Press. all rights reserved.

The Zika virus became epidemic in 2015 and 2016 as it spread throughout the Americas after the virus first appeared in the Ugandan forest, which gave it its name.

The virus causes fever, rashes, headaches, and muscle aches, but it is rarely fatal in its current form.

However, its most terrifying effect is on pregnant women, and in some cases, shrunken heads and other birth defects can result in the birth of a child.

It is believed to have come from monkeys before infecting humans in a mosquito bite-induced spillover event.

The virus can also spread sexually from men to women. Such cases have been reported in Argentina, Australia, France, Italy, the United States and New Zealand.

WHO helped convene a task force of scientists on Zika and last week announced a call for expert opinion on how to develop a roadmap to combat the disease.

Ebola

Ebola can show terrifying symptoms such as eye bleeding

9

Ebola can show terrifying symptoms such as eye bleedingCredit: Reuters

Ebola regained its head in 2021 as the White House warned of the potential “catastrophic consequences” of a new outbreak, putting six African countries on alert.

Troublesome bugs can cause case fatality rates of up to 90%, depending on the strain, and can cause truly horrifying symptoms.

Bleeding from the eyes, ears, nose, and mouth can be associated with fever, headache, and muscle aches.

Guinea has officially declared that he is dealing with an epidemic because he is afraid of the bug recurring so far. Killed 3 people..

The virus claimed to have more than 11,300 inhabitants in West Africa when it struck Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia during the 2013-2016 outbreak.

It is believed to be derived from fruit bats, and scientists have identified five strains of the virus so far, four of which can infect humans.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

Mites spread CCHF to unprotected victims after being stabbed

9

Mites spread CCHF to unprotected victims after being stabbedCredit: GETTY

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is 40 times more deadly than Covid-19 and has been detected in Africa, the Balkans, the Middle East, and Asia.

It is thought to spread to humans through close contact with mites, livestock and infected meat.

Fever occurs quickly, causing the victim to vomit and diarrhea. It may also be accompanied by a dark, spotted rash caused by bleeding in the skin.

Liver and kidney failure can also be associated with the virus and can die in as little as five days, as much as burning the victim.

“The outbreak of CCHF is a public health service because the virus can lead to epidemics, has a high case fatality rate (10-40%), can lead to outbreaks in hospitals and medical facilities, and is difficult to prevent and treat. It constitutes a threat to the WHO, said WHO.

Lassa fever

Mice are thought to transfer the first Lassa fever generated in Nigeria

9

Mice are thought to transfer the first Lassa fever generated in NigeriaCredits: Getty-Contributors

Lassa fever causes fever and can lead to gum bleeding, low blood pressure, and even deafness in the victim.

The virus first appeared in Nigeria in 1969 and is thought to spread from mice to humans.

Currently, the disease, which has a case fatality rate of 1% similar to Covid-19, is estimated to kill about 5,000 people annually.

WHO has also identified the need for “emergency measures” as it warns of an epidemic in parts of Africa where there are hospitals without appropriate PPE or disease control measures.

Liberia reported a small outbreak of Lassa fever that killed nine people in 2020.

MERS and SARS

MERS and SARS remain a threat to WHO in the Covid-19 pandemic

9

MERS and SARS remain a threat to WHO in the Covid-19 pandemicCredit: EPA

Both MERS and SARS are on the WHO list because they both threaten epidemic potential.

SARS, like Covid, is believed to have first emerged from Chinese bats.

And MERS is believed to have spread from bats to camels to humans in the Middle East before it was first detected in Saudi Arabia.

WHO warns that the high case fatality rate of MERS and its widespread spread have created an “urgent need” for virus control.

SARS, on the other hand, caused a global outbreak with 774 deaths between 2002 and 2004, causing WHO concerns.

Rift valley fever

Rift Valley fever can spread from livestock to humans and cause blindness

9

Rift Valley fever can spread from livestock to humans and cause blindnessCredit: GETTY

Rift Valley fever infects the brain, causing severe headaches, confusion, and even blindness.

It also spreads through contact with animals and then attacks the human body, causing bleeding and liver problems.

The name of the virus comes from a place found in Kenya after it was discovered to have infected sheep in 1931.

So far, no human-to-human transmission of the virus has been detected.

However, because it was detected in Saudi Arabia and Yemen, it first spread outside Africa in 2000.

Illness X

Disease X is the name given by WHO to a pathogen that is still unknown.

9

Disease X is the name given by WHO to a pathogen that is still unknown.Credit: AP: Associated Press

WHO’s hidden enemy is a bug they have named “Disease X”, which they describe as “a pathogen currently unknown to cause human illness.”

Scientists estimate that of the 1.67 million unknown viruses on Earth, up to 827,000 may be capable of transmitting from animals to people.

There is concern that the risk of transmitting the disease to humans will increase as the population grows and moves to animal habitats.

And in the last few decades alone, there are dozens of examples of animal-to-human diseases, including Covid-19.

Environmental writer John Vidal working on a book that reveals the connection with nature diseasePredicted that the world would face a new plague-scale pandemic.

Given the popularity of air travel and world trade, the virus can unknowingly spread around the world by asymptomatic carriers, “in weeks, tens of millions of people before the border is closed. I will die, “he added.

He states: “Humanity has changed relationships with both wild and domestic animals, destroyed habitats and crowded them, and the process is only accelerating.

“If we don’t understand the seriousness of the situation, this current pandemic may still be just a precursor to a serious situation.”

Inside Nigeria’s fresh market where monkeys and sea turtles are dead and alive in Africa’s potential for the next virus



From cerebral edema nipa to head-shrinking Zika fever … in WHO’s alert list for the next “Big One” pandemic

Source link From cerebral edema nipa to head-shrinking Zika fever … in WHO’s alert list for the next “Big One” pandemic

Back to top button
Close