There is the concept of Quality Assurance, QA. This is a complex quality assurance process that encompasses all stages of software product development in a company. QA includes the study of processes and the definition of all conditions and circumstances that may affect the quality of development and the final product.
The tester monitors the quality of the product that the company is working on. It checks the operation of the site, application or program to ensure that it meets all the requirements. In other words, if a customer asks a company to develop a simple Android application for calling a taxi with A and B functionality, then the application should work this way.
The softvare tester works with the requirements for a software product. The tester also goes through the user’s path. It performs all the actions that a user of the product could perform. He registers, writes and sends messages, chooses and changes an avatar. Performs use case testing, smoke testing, load testing, etc.
Inconsistencies or bugs found by the tester go to the bug report. The development team fixes everything and the tester checks it again.
The game tester knows well how the software should work, so he works with the team of programmers to ensure that the program functions correctly and works the way the customer or users wanted.
What you need to work as a tester
The basic knowledge of a tester, of course, strongly depends on the company and the specifics of the project itself. In any case, you need a desire to learn new things and constantly develop. First, familiarity with testing and a desire to understand and deal with new knowledge. Secondly, knowledge of the basics of testing will be enough for the first time. Then you will have to constantly develop and follow new technologies yourself, get acquainted with them and use them in your work. You will have to learn and do a lot yourself.
The tester needs to be ready to constantly learn new tools and develop
- Testing theory
The main knowledge begins with the fact that a person who has decided to learn software testing (QA) must understand the theory and practice of game testing and quality control of a software product. He knows and understands the entire software development cycle well: from idea to project delivery or bringing it to market. Of course, the tester is well versed in testing methodologies, knows the types of testing and its levels. Knows how to read technical documentation, analyze requirements and draw up test documentation.
- Bug-tracking system
The tester describes all found inconsistencies, bugs in a special system. He describes in detail the inconsistencies, assigns a priority to eliminate them, describes his path in the program and also indicates many details that will help the development team fix all the inconsistencies. Usually JIRA or Redmine are used for this. The tester knows how to work with test cases, test plans, checklists and bug trackers.
- SQL query language and work with databases
A tester has to deal with information that is stored in databases. Therefore, the SQL query language and work with databases will be very useful to those who plan to test programs and applications. SQL appears in the descriptions of almost every tester job.
- Additional technologies
- Communication skills
A tester who has excellent communication skills and is able to convey information to the team is an incredibly valuable employee for the company. Communication skills and teamwork allow solving many problems very quickly, which means working efficiently.
- Analytical mindset and mindfulness
Attention to detail is important to whoever is testing a program or application. You won’t notice or miss a small detail during the testing phase, but if a user notices it, it can lead to a bad product experience and a transition of users to competitors.