This year, more than 25,000 people made a dangerous trip to the UK on a small boat. Politicians on both sides of the channel are under new pressure to prevent people from endangering their lives.
In the summer of 2019, Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Interior Minister Priti Patel pledged action to limit the number of immigrant candidates crossing the route to the United Kingdom.
However, more than two years later, the number of people on successful journeys has skyrocketed to record levels, while others have died at other attempted intersections.
These deaths are putting pressure not only on Mr. Johnson and Mr. Patel, but also on French President Emmanuel Macron.
French officials have been accused of confusing people smuggling gangsters and not doing enough to prevent people from attempting to cross the strait.
Here, Sky News looks at some of the steps that are being sought to combat the crisis.
New British Asylum
The government’s main plan for a new immigration law, the Nationality and Border Bill, aims to prevent illegal entry into the UK, break the business model of criminal trafficking networks, and save lives. ..
The proposed law effectively creates a two-tier system of asylum claims in the United Kingdom.
According to government plans, whether people legally or illegally enter the UK will affect the progress of asylum applications and their position in the UK if the application is successful.
Ms. Patel said she “wants to create a safe and legal route” for those who escape persecution, but those who enter the UK illegally are disqualified from those who arrive legally.
Those who arrive illegally but still succeed in applying for asylum will receive a new “temporary protection status” rather than the right to resolve automatically.
Illegal immigrants also have limited family reunion rights and limited access to benefits.
The government hopes that the distinction between asylum seekers using “legal” and “illegal” routes will help discourage people from traveling across the strait in small boats in the first place.
Use “pushback” tactics
Countries such as Australia, Greece and Italy have used “pushback” tactics in recent years to turn migrant vessels heading to the coast.
The British Border Forces have been training to use tactics after receiving permission from Ms. Patel.
However, critics say that tactics are cruel, unsafe, and violate international law.
Immigration Minister Kevin Foster emphasized that “all maritime tactics are properly deployed” and remains open to the use of such tactics in the channel, as determined by the commander. I made it.
Increase pressure on France
In July of this year, the United Kingdom agreed to give France £ 54 million to expand its efforts to stop the number of small boats crossing the strait.
The Interior Ministry said the number of police patroling French beaches more than doubled as part of the deal.
Now that the channel crossings have reached record levels, the UK is arguing that it sees little of the value of its investment and needs to put pressure on France to show how it is spending cash.
Some Conservative lawmakers have accused the government of “throwing good money after bad” because previous cash couldn’t limit the number of crossings.
Others argue that France should bear the cost.
However, the amount of £ 54m actually received by France is unknown, suggesting that it is less than one-third of the amount received so far.
Put British police in France
The Prime Minister has updated his previous offer to send British police officers and border force officers to France to initiate joint patrols with French responders.
France rejected the offer because it would interfere with their sovereignty.
However, the British government is said to want France to be able to rethink its position if the strait situation continues to deteriorate.
New return agreements with EU countries
The British government recently admitted that only five migrants who crossed the route to Britain by boat have returned to European countries so far this year.
After the end of the asylum agreement with Britain’s post-EU block, it has led to criticism that Britain’s ability to return immigrants to the EU has “substantially deteriorated.”
Interior Minister Tom Pursglove told the MP that “there were some difficulties in securing returns,” but he also blamed the effects of the COVID pandemic.
He added that the government has the “ambition” to secure return agreements with European countries and potentially the EU itself.
Under the EU’s “Dublin Agreement”, the UK could ask other member states to regain those who can prove that they have passed through safe EU countries on their journey to the UK.
However, there have been no such return arrangements in the UK since Brexit.
A viable return arrangement suggests that migrants are less likely to cross the channel if they believe they may be returned to France or other EU countries soon.
Still, it is worth noting that even before the UK left the EU, the total number of Dublin transfers made was only a small part of the total number of asylum seekers.
According to the Immigration Observatory, in the five years from 2016 to 2020, about 194,000 people in the UK applied for asylum, but only about 1,250 immigrants from Dublin.
Create a secure route
The Joint Immigration and Welfare Council (JCWI) is one of many charities that have proposed creating safe and legal routes for asylum seekers to enter the United Kingdom from France.
This helps to discourage many from choosing the dangerous option of crossing a waterway in a small boat.
JCWI states that there is an opportunity to “kill migrants and end 30 years of trials, tests and failed policies in the hands of smugglers and traffickers.”
Workers are also seeking safe and legitimate routes for refugees, including the resumption of the “Dubs Program.”
Named after its supporter, Sir Dubs, a labor party peer who was among Jewish children to escape the Nazis in the 1930s, the plan was accompanied by a companion from Europe to Britain after the Syrian refugee crisis. I brought a child refugee without a child.
The government then terminated the plan and a total of 478 children were transferred to the United Kingdom.
With the need to create a new safe and legal route between Britain and France, Ms. Patel said that people should claim asylum in the safest country they first arrived in and “escape from France for security.” It’s not necessary. “
Instead, the Minister of Interior does not rule out sending asylum seekers abroad to a third country while their allegations are being processed in the United Kingdom.
Gibraltar, the Isle of Man, and Albania are all advertised as possible processing center locations, but each strongly rejects these proposals.
The theory is that by moving to an “offshore” system that processes asylum claims, claimants are less likely to go to the UK.
It will follow the Australian example.
However, in addition to human rights concerns and possible legal objections, the plan was dismissed as costly.
Afghanistan Resettlement Plan
It is reported that some Afghans who are trying to cross the channel have fled their country following the Taliban takeover.
According to The Times, some of the people recently rescued from boats in the strait were Afghan soldiers working with British troops.
According to the newspaper, his family decided to endanger their lives across the strait after “waiting for help” from Britain.
Following the first “Pitching Operation” evacuation effort from Kabul shortly after the Taliban was hijacked, the British government also promised to accept up to 20,000 refugees under the Afghan resettlement program.
However, more than three months after the Taliban entered Kabul, the plan has not yet been opened.
Regaining UK Foreign Assistance Commitment
The workforce has linked government cuts to the UK’s foreign aid budget (0.7% to 0.5% of GNI) and the channel crisis.
The reductions are alleged to have reduced the amount of work done to reduce the “push” factors that first encourage people to travel the world in search of asylum.
Shadow Minister Joe Stevens told Sky News:
“This is an international issue for the international community.
“The government has closed the Department for International Development. The Department for International Development is a department that works with other countries to prevent people from fleeing and to help people who are afraid of life and have to flee.”
Clear the asylum backlog
Recent figures show that the unprocessed portion of asylum cases in the UK is at record highs.
A total of 67,547 asylum seekers awaited the first decision at the end of September. This is a 41% year-on-year increase, the highest current record since it began in June 2010.
An additional 3,261 people were waiting for a review. This includes those who are waiting to receive a decision on the appeal.
Approximately 62% (44,018) of cases awaited the first decision for more than 6 months.
More investment in asylum is required to eliminate unprocessed portion and reduce the time it takes for people’s cases to be processed.
Abandon human rights law
Dominic Cummings, the former prime minister of the prime minister, argued that human rights law should be “set aside” to deal with the crisis of channel crossing. This is a recurring view by some Tory lawmakers.
It is argued that by eliminating human rights obligations, Britain can take a stricter position on immigration issues.
However, human rights law reforms are politically tricky and will be very controversial for the government.
Channel Death: What are the options for fighting the crisis? | Political news
Source Channel Death: What are the options for fighting the crisis? | Political news