California’s Department of Health said it had discovered the cases in ‘young’ children, all of whom had been ill since October.
It brings the total U.S. for suspected hepatitis cases to 27, with the condition now being detected in seven states – most east of the U.S. Mississippi river.
Wisconsin is the only state that reports a suspected infant death from hepatitis. If confirmed, it will be the first in the country and second in the world. State officials confirmed to DailyMail.com that the child had developed the disease after being infected with the adenovirus.
The cause of the mysterious illness remains a ‘mystery’, said President Joe Biden’s chief medical adviser, Dr. Anthony Fauci.
But experts have worried that lockdowns that weaken immunity in children or even Covid infections could be to blame.
Nearly 200 children around the world have become ill due to the condition in a maximum of 14 countries. At least 18 need liver transplants.
Nearly 200 children have become ill due to the condition worldwide in a maximum of 14 countries since last October * Cases in Canada, Japan and Wisconsin, Illinois and New York have yet to be confirmed
Dr Anthony Fauci, chief medical adviser to President Joe Biden, said the cause of the disease was “still a mystery”.
The California Department of Health said it was unclear whether adenovirus – which typically causes colds – was behind the disease, or if the cases were related.
Medici have been amazed by what lies behind the wave of cases – with the common hepatitis A, B, C, D and E viruses excluded from laboratory test results.
Health leaders believe that the disease can be triggered by an adenovirus, which normally causes colds.
Dr Fauci told Bloomberg: ‘It’s still a mystery. It does seem to be associated with adenovirus, but it’s not a slam dunk. ‘
Alabama was the first state to announce cases of severe liver injury two weeks ago.
Nine children were admitted to the state hospital between November and February.
Three had acute liver failure and all test children returned positive for adenovirus.
Two required liver transplants, but they all survived.
North Carolina identified two cases last month, with both children repeated. Neither had adenovirus.
Delaware reported this week that a child under five was hospitalized for the same mysterious hepatitis. They are still under treatment.
One child has now been confirmed dead in Wisconsin, with officials revealing that they are investigating whether their liver injury was linked to the same cluster of cases.
The Wisconsin DHS said: ‘Since being informed of this adenovirus-associated hepatitis cluster, DHS is currently investigating at least four similar cases among children in Wisconsin.
‘This includes two children who had bad outcomes, one liver transplant and one fatal.’
Both the child who died and the child who needed a liver transplant are confirmed to be infected with adenovirus.
Illinois officials said they had detected three likely cases of severe hepatitis on Monday and one child required a liver transplant.
Dr. Tina Tan, pediatrician for infectious diseases at Lurie Children’s Hospital in Chicago, said the cases are most likely to be caused by a virus because they appear in clusters.
She told Bloomberg: “What’s most unusual about all of this is that adenovirus does not normally cause severe hepatitis in children without underlying health conditions.”
And health officials in the state of New York yesterday revealed that they are investigating a case that seems to fit in with descriptions of the mysterious disease.
The condition – which was first detected in Scotland at the end of March – has been discovered 114 times in Britain.
Covid lockdowns may be behind the mysterious wave of hepatitis cases in children, as they reduce social mixing and weaken their immunity, experts say
Investigations are ongoing, but officials have yet to rule out that a new Covid variant is to blame.
Another theory is that children are fighting the adenovirus at the same time as Covid.
UK health officials have ruled out Covid vaccine as a possible cause, with none of the sick British children being vaccinated due to their young age.
Liver experts described the number of cases as ‘concerning’, but said parents should not worry about the disease affecting their children.
Q&A: What is the mysterious global hepatitis epidemic and what is behind it?
What do we know about the global hepatitis epidemic?
Scientists are amazed at a worldwide outbreak of hepatitis that has caused two deaths and more than a dozen liver transplants.
The inflammatory liver condition has been detected in at least 169 children between one month and 16 years old.
None of the cases were caused by any of the five typical strains of the virus – hepatitis A, B, C, D and E.
What is hepatitis?
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver that is normally caused by a viral infection or liver damage caused by drinking alcohol.
Hepatitis often has no noticeable symptoms – but it can include dark urine, pale gray feces, itchy skin and yellowing of the eyes and skin.
Infected people can also suffer from muscle and joint pain, a high temperature, feel and be sick and are constantly unusually tired.
When hepatitis is spread by a virus, it is usually caused by consuming food and drink contaminated with the feces of an infected person or blood-to-blood or sexual contact.
In how many countries are cases recorded?
Less than five
* cases in Canada, Japan and Illinois, US, have yet to be confirmed
Do we know what is behind the epidemic?
Experts say the cases may be linked to a virus often associated with colds, but further research is underway.
This, in combination with Covid infections, can cause the spike in cases.
The WHO reported adenovirus has been detected in at least 74 of the cases. At least 20 of the children tested positive for the coronavirus.
British experts tasked with investigating the wave of diseases believe that the endless cycle of lockdowns may have played a contributing role.
Restrictions may have weakened children’s immunity due to reduced social interactions, making them at increased risk for adenovirus.
Scotland’s Public Health Researchers say more children may be ‘immunologically naive’ to the virus due to restrictions.
Other scientists said it may have been a virus that caused ‘unusual mutations’.
This would mean that it could be more transferable or better able to maintain the natural immunity of children.
New Covid variant
UKHSA officials included ‘a new variant of SARS-CoV-2’ in their working hypotheses, when discussing the variant at the European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases in Lisbon.
The UKHSA has noted Covid as other infections and environmental triggers are still being investigated as possible causes of the disease.
The bureau has ruled out the Covid vaccine as a possible cause, as none of the UK cases to date have been vaccinated because of their age.
California reports seven cases of severe hepatitis after a child dies from suspected illness
Source link California reports seven cases of severe hepatitis after a child dies from suspected illness