Arms control negotiations between US and Russian officials for “strategic stability”

US Foreign Policy Update

High-ranking U.S. and Russian officials will meet Wednesday to turn constructive rhetoric between the two presidents into concrete progress on the thorny issues of arms management and efforts to prevent new global weapons races. I tried.

The face-to-face session in Geneva was the first of a “bilateral strategic stability dialogue” agreed upon by President Joe Biden and President Vladimir Putin. Last month’s meeting In the same Swiss city.

The meeting between Russia’s State Minister of Defense Sergei Riabkov and US Under Secretary of State Wendy Sherman Torn arms control transaction Then, we will clarify the relationship between the two Cold War military superpowers.

The talks were a positive sign of the two countries’ intentions, but expectations for a major breakthrough ahead of Wednesday were low, with countless disagreements over the deployment of missile defense, next-generation nuclear weapons, and the breadth of future arms management agreements. there was.

A US State Department spokesperson said after the talks, the “professional and substantive” discussions touched on threats to strategic stability, prospects for nuclear arms control, and the format of future sessions.

“We continue to be committed to ensuring predictability and reducing the risk of armed conflict and nuclear war threats, even during times of tension,” said a spokesman, who will meet again at the end of September. He added that he had agreed.

The Russian Foreign Ministry said the talks “included a comprehensive discussion of the two sides’ approaches to maintaining strategic stability and the outlook for arms management and risk mitigation measures.”

“We touched on various aspects of the further development of cooperation on these topics.”

The meeting came after Biden’s climate envoy John Kerry visited Moscow this month. Fruitful discussion How the United States and Russia can work together in the fight against climate change.

However, arms control is seen as a much more difficult area to find consensus amid widespread mutual distrust caused by Russia’s cyberattacks on the United States, sanctions on Moscow, and disagreements over the war in Ukraine.

The meeting will be the next day Biden warned Cyber ​​attacks can cause a “true shooting war with the great powers”. The United States has accused Russia-based hackers of a number of recent such incidents targeting US infrastructure, including critical oil pipelines.

Biden said in a meeting with Putin last month that Moscow and Washington worked on a “mechanism” to “shorten response times and anticipate an accidental war.”

Both the United States and Russia are developing hypersonic missiles and seeking weapons that can be used in space. Russia said it had successfully tested a hypersonic zircon missile last week and said it was moving seven times faster than the speed of sound.

Moscow argues that newer missiles are needed to counter the continued deployment of US missile shields in Eastern Europe, which poses a threat to Russia and demands their removal. Washington says they are purely defensive and aim to thwart missiles from Iran and North Korea.

Another commitment in the negotiations is China’s role as the United States had previously said it had to be included in the new arms control agreement. Beijing, which has rapidly expanded its weapons capabilities in recent decades, has rejected the offer to enter into such an agreement with the United States and Russia.

Biden agreed with Putin in February, one of his first actions as president. New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty Extends for 5 Years, This limits the number of nuclear warheads that both countries have.

But experts say urgent progress is needed in other areas. Under the Trump administration, the United States withdrew from both the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), which bans land missiles ranging from 500km to 5,500km, and the Treaty on Open Skies, which allows surveillance flights to other countries. .. In both cases, quoting Russian violations, military installations. Moscow denied the accusations and accused the United States of other offenses.

Arms control negotiations between US and Russian officials for “strategic stability”

Source link Arms control negotiations between US and Russian officials for “strategic stability”

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