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Adding extra salt to food can reduce life expectancy by more than two years, study finds | UK News

People who sprinkle extra salt on their food have an increased risk of dying early, new research has found.

A study of more than 500,000 people concluded that those who always add the flavor have a 28% greater chance of dying prematurely compared to people who rarely or never do so.

Typically, about three in 100 people aged 40 to 69 die early in the general population.

But the study, published in the European Heart Journal, found that one extra person in every 100 could die premature death as a result of added salt.

Men aged 50 are about to lose about 2.28 years of their lives by consuming extra salt, the study found.

Women of the same age could show their life expectancy at about a year and a half.

Nearly 18,500 premature deaths (under the age of 75) were included in a follow-up nine years after the data were collected between 2006 and 2010.

The new study was led by Professor Lu Qi, of Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine in New Orleans, USA.

Professor Qi, who worked alongside colleagues at Harvard Medical Schools, said: “In the Western diet, adding salt to the table accounts for 6% -20% of total salt intake and provides a unique way to associate it. to evaluate between normal sodium intake and the risk of death. “

Even a “modest reduction” in sodium intake can result in “substantial health benefits,” Professor Qi said.

The study took into account factors that may influence outcomes, including age, sex, race, deprivation, body mass index (BMI), smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity and diet, along with health conditions such as diabetes, cancer and heart disease. .

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The risks of early death associated with added salt were somewhat reduced in people who ate more fruits and vegetables – however, the difference was not “significant”.

“Because our study is the first to report a relationship between adding salt to food and mortality, further studies are needed to validate the findings before making recommendations,” Dr Qi said.

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British Heart Foundation senior heart nurse Chloe MacArthur warned how the “vast majority of salt” is already in products before they are bought – meaning people consume more than they realize – and called on ministers to find ways to tackle the food sector encourage salt to be reduced.

“We need some salt in our diet, but too much food can lead to high blood pressure, which in turn increases the risk of heart attack and stroke,” she said.

The National Food Strategy, a major review by businessman and restaurateur Henry Dimbleby, included recommendations for a salt and sugar tax in an effort to reduce obesity.

But it was closed by Boris Johnson who insisted it was not the right time to “start new taxes” on unhealthy foods and argued that people just “need to eat less”.

Adding extra salt to food can reduce life expectancy by more than two years, study finds | UK News

Source link Adding extra salt to food can reduce life expectancy by more than two years, study finds | UK News

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