474 internal deaths: increased deaths of indigenous people in custody revealed | Indigenous Australians

A new study reveals that at least 474 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders have died during police and prison detention since the Royal Commission’s final report on Aboriginal detention deaths in 1991. ..

Guardian Australia has been tracking the deaths of indigenous and non-indigenous peoples under the control of the DeathsInside project for the past three years.

When first published in August 2018, an exclusive analysis of 10-year ceremonial data revealed that 407 indigenous people had died in police or prison detention since the end of the Royal Commission in 1991. .. In 2019, that number increased to 424.

Today it stands at 474.

Since then, at least five of these deaths have occurred. Early March this year.

In 2019, four Aboriginal people were shot dead by detainees. Since the official report of such shootings began in 1991, the number of deadly detention shots involving indigenous peoples has been the highest. Criminal trials are ongoing in three of these cases.

A Western Australian police officer was charged with murder in the shooting of 29-year-old Joyce Clark in Geraldton. It was charged with murder on a state duty for the first time in 93 years. In the Northern Territory, police police officer Zachary Rolf’s murder trial over the shooting of Kumanjay Walker will begin in Darwin in July. In New South Wales, a prison officer was also charged with manslaughter for shooting 43-year-old Dwayne Johnson in March 2019.

This month, it has been thirty years since the Royal Commission made 339 recommendations designed to save Aboriginal lives.

Labor Senator Pat Dodson, a man from Yaul, one of the royal commissioners, said the 474 deaths since then have been “national shame.”

“Only strong national leadership and basic policy changes can avoid this crisis,” Dodson said.

In a 2021 analysis, Guardian Australia discovered that:

  • Indigenous people who died in custody were likely not charged with the crime. Deaths during remand, “protective detention”, or arrest or follow-up accounted for 54% of cases, compared with 45% of non-Indigenous detentions.

  • For both indigenous and non-indigenous peoples, the most common cause of death was medical problems, followed by self-harm. However, indigenous people who died in custody were three times more likely than non-indigenous people to receive all the medical care they needed.

  • Indigenous women were less likely to receive all appropriate medical care before death (54%) than men (36%).

  • Police post, prisons, hospitals and other agencies did not follow all of their own procedures in 43% of indigenous deaths, compared to 19% of non-indigenous cases.

  • The use of force in detention deaths was similar for both indigenous and non-indigenous deaths, but for 21 indigenous deaths in custody where force was used, the agency was in 62% of cases, 39. Did not follow all of its own procedures compared to. Percentage of non-indigenous deaths in custody.

The database contains details of all Aboriginal detention deaths since 2008, for which public information could be found, and all non-Indigenous deaths since 2010, from which statistical comparisons can be made. You can do it. This data has been checked for national deaths in the Australian Criminology Institute’s Custody Program.

For more information on how these numbers and categories were determined, Read the “About Data” section here..

Linda Bernie, a female and worker spokesman for Willajuri Indigenous AustraliansIs calling on the federal government to fund a real-time reporting system for deaths in custody and an independent audit of recommendations that are more detailed than the 2017 desktop audit.

“This can’t be continued, so having an audit of recommendations would be very helpful,” she said.

Women from Tanya Day, proud Yorta Yorta, Wemba Wemba, and Barapa Barapa died in 2017 after being arrested for public drunkenness after being injured during police detention in Victoria. Harrison Day’s death was investigated by the Royal Commission, which recommended abolishing public drunkenness crimes. The Victoria State Government did not take action until 2019, shortly before Tanyaday’s inquest began, and after another ongoing public campaign. The new law will not come into effect until November 2022.

It is late to say that Day’s daughter, April, has sacrificed her mother’s life.

April Day has a photo of her mother, Tanya Day, who died in police detention in 2017. Photo: Included

“It’s this waiting game when they’re trying to do it, and it’s always a political game,” said April Day. “If the recommendation had been enacted when they first said it, mom would still be here.”

Deaths in detention of indigenous peoples are “national shame.” A higher percentage of indigenous people die in detention, not because they die more often than non-indigenous prisoners, but because indigenous peoples are disproportionately arrested, remanded, and imprisoned. Because there is. Of the total population.

In 2018-19, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders accounted for 3.3% of the total population, 28% of the prison population, and 18% of all deaths in prison, according to the Australian Institute of Criminology. .. That same year, AIC calculated that indigenous peoples were more than six times more likely to die during police detention than non-indigenous peoples. There are 0.61 per 100,000, compared to 0.09 per 100,000.

Indigenous peoples are 13 times more imprisoned than non-indigenous peoples, according to the latest Australian Bureau of Statistics statistics.

They are also more likely to be imprisoned younger, die of preventable medical causes, more likely to be imprisoned for minor crimes, and more likely to be remanded.

Some people died of what coroners called “natural causes,” but in many cases these were fatally exacerbated by general failure or negligence. Nathan Reynolds, a man from Anaiwan-Dunghutti, is a 36-year-old father who died in a prison floor from an asthma attack. Coroners said prison guards and health staff were “unreasonably late” in responding to emergencies, depriving them of “at least some chance” to survive.

Others have killed themselves using the hanging points in the cell, which the Royal Commission recommended to remove 30 years ago. Some have committed suicide after authorities did not monitor their mental health needs or perform the necessary welfare checks.

was there Call for reform for over 30 years Develop a judicial reinvestment program to bail legislation, raise the age of criminal liability, end cell detention, denounce public intoxication, abolish compulsory case law, and keep people away from the criminal justice system ..

“What made me absolutely indignant was that if I hadn’t questioned the budget estimate in the New South Wales parliament a few weeks ago, Australia would be wise about the deaths of the two in Long Bay on March 2. It wouldn’t have been, and on March 5th in Silverwater, “said worker Linda Burney.

“At least somewhere in the federal government, no deaths have been recorded and it’s wrong to publish,” she said. “Without the media, we wouldn’t know anything.”

Bernie said an independent audit of the Royal Commission’s recommendations was needed to determine why nothing had changed.

“That is, nearly 500 people have died. Some of them are due to natural causes and some are due to chance. I suggested for a minute that cheating was involved. I’m not saying, but what I’m saying is that if an Aboriginal person can hang his head in a cell that should be safe, what does that tell us about the system? “She said. ..

“These are young people with families and children … We need to understand that the Aboriginal people are just angry at this. We are fed up with it.”

Thirty years ago, the Royal Commission concluded: “There is a problem underlying the alienation of the Aboriginal people and the ongoing conflict between the police and the law that cannot be resolved by the Aboriginal people alone. The important thing is in the hearts and minds of all Australians. It’s about recognizing the Aboriginal people as separate people … they have brutally disposed of their land and until recently have been denied human respect. “

Thirty years after the Royal Commission showed that the government would slowly and reluctantly introduce reforms, after spending three years on the death of the mother, the Dajowa Foundation to support Aboriginal families in the process of inquest. The founder of April Day was pushed by grassroots activities.

“The place where we get justice is the street,” she said.

“When I saw the Black Lives Matter rally, which wasn’t hosted by government officials or anyone else, it was hosted by community organizers and activists … attracting media attention and sharing family stories. Is very important and very powerful.

“And the mainstream media has no choice but to report on it because of how powerful and how big it is … and the rest of Australia, like the government, has no choice but to hear it.

“It’s one thing whether they take it and actually make the phone calls that are taking place in the community, but I can’t say they haven’t heard it,” she said.

“I can’t say they don’t know my mother’s name.”

474 internal deaths: increased deaths of indigenous people in custody revealed | Indigenous Australians

Source link 474 internal deaths: increased deaths of indigenous people in custody revealed | Indigenous Australians

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